336 MY COUNTRY AND MY PEOPLE nationalism. The highest officials of the Government alternate between initiating lama prayers for the salvation of the country and suppressing the traditional boatrace of the Dragon Festival by branding it as a superstition. The provincial governments, who find it so difficult to make any real achievements in recon- struction, find themselves very busy regulating the costumes of men and women, for the girls' sleeves are too short in Kwangsi, and the men's gowns are too long in Szechuen ("because in this period of national crisis, we must save more cloth"), and the women's hair should not be curled in Shan- tung, and the boys' heads must be shaved close in certain schools in Hunan, and the girls* breasts should not be bound in Chekiang, and high-collared dress and high-heeled shoes should not be worn by the prostitutes in Nanking, and women should not keep male dogs and lead them through the streets in Peiping.1 All this confusion, this busy triviality, this madness and hypocrisy, and these exaggerations of pride and solicitude seem to indicate the existence of a wish unfulfilled, and a conflict of will and character. Custom and convention, which are the mainstay of any society, are no longer held in honour; the old can no longer command the respect of the young, and the young grow over-critical of the old; a deep chasm exists between the growing generation and mature age. Culture, which is the fruit of a continuity of life and thought, is no longer possible, and criticism, which is the sole guardian of modern culture, and which should keep a watchful eye over the flux of life, lies prostrate before a task too big for itself, while cheer- ful, robust good sense, for which China was so distinguished, buries its head in shame, Man has something undernourished and neurasthenic, something partial and incomplete and eternally frustrated about him. III. A QUEST FOR LEADERSHIP Whoa. I ponder over ail this confusion, this meanness and insincerity* I fed like Gabriel asking Lot: Where are the good i See the various 1933 numbers of the Anoints Fortnightly.